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Rosa Parks (Advanced – C2)

Rosa Parks - Transcript

Rosa Parks was an American activist in the civil rights movement best known for her pivotal role in the Montgomery bus boycott. On December 1, 1955, in Montgomery, Alabama, Parks refused to vacate a row of seats in the “colored” section so that a white passenger could sit down. Her actions led to a lengthy court case and a boycott of buses by the black community that lasted for more than a year. Parks’ act of defiance and the Montgomery bus boycott became important symbols of the civil rights movement. She became an international icon of resistance to racial segregation, and organized and collaborated with civil rights leaders. Although widely honored in later years, she also suffered for her act. She was fired from her job, and received death threats for years afterwards. Shortly after the boycott, she moved to Detroit, where she lived until her death in 2005.

Rosa Parks - Video

Rosa Parks - Video Gap Fill

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Rosa Parks - A Courageous Pioneer

Rosa Parks English Lesson

Rosa Parks was born on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama, USA. Growing up in an era marked by racial segregation, she encountered the challenges of discrimination. Despite facing obstacles, Rosa completed her education, becoming an advocate for civil rights.

The Montgomery Bus Boycott

On December 1, 1955, Rosa Parks made history by refusing to yield her bus seat to a white passenger. This act catalyzed the Montgomery Bus Boycott, a pivotal moment in the American civil rights movement. For 381 days, African Americans in Montgomery, Alabama, refrained from using buses, demanding an end to racial segregation.

Courage in the Face of Adversity

Parks’ courage and resilience during the boycott brought her into prominence. Her actions transcended a mere bus seat dispute; they symbolized a stand against injustice. Despite encountering threats and adversity, she remained steadfast in her commitment to equality.

Legal Battle and Change

The boycott resulted in a Supreme Court ruling deeming segregation on public buses unconstitutional. This legal triumph constituted a significant victory for the civil rights movement. Rosa Parks became an enduring symbol of courage, inspiring others to engage in the struggle for equality.

Legacy and Honors

Rosa Parks’ contributions to the civil rights movement garnered widespread recognition. In 1996, she was awarded the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the highest civilian honor in the United States. Parks’ legacy extends beyond accolades; she paved the way for subsequent generations to confront discrimination and advocate for justice.

Continued Impact

The influence of Rosa Parks surpasses the confines of the Montgomery Bus Boycott. Her actions kindled a flame that propelled the broader quest for civil rights. Parks’ refusal to acquiesce to injustice resonates globally, inspiring movements dedicated to equality and social justice.


Rosa Parks’ life exemplifies the potency of an individual to effect significant change. Her courage, determination, and dedication to justice not only transformed her local community but also left an enduring imprint on the entire world. Presently, Rosa Parks stands as a source of inspiration for those striving towards a more equitable and inclusive society.



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